Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and may be painless or painful. Some have. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup, and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause dermatitis, hives, and other skin conditions. Many skin. Is your skin itching, breaking out, or acting weird? Not sure what's causing those problems? Get an overview of symptoms and types of skin conditions.
Intertrigo is a rash which occurs inside skin folds, where two surfaces of the skin press on or rub on each other, such as under the chin of a baby, under the armpit or in the nappy area.
Read more on Women's and Children's Health Network website. Read more on WA Health website. Hives or urticaria is a common allergic skin disorder characterised by raised red lumps on the skin skin welts. They can be very itchy. Read more on Continence Foundation of Australia website. Eczema is an allergic skin condition or dermatitis characterised by skin inflammation.
It produces an itchy red rash. Currently there is no cure for eczema. Your Skin The skin is the bodys largest organ and performs several important roles in protecting your health. Read more on Diabetes Australia website. Complications can develop when you have dry skin. Often this is linked to the fact that healthy skin acts like a natural barrier, whereas unhealthy skin including dry skin offers less.
Read more on myDr website. Read more on Cochrane Australasian Centre website. The review of trials found evidence that tissue-engineered skin composed of two layers increases the chance of healing. There was not enough evidence to recommend any other type of graft, and further research is required. People at increased risk of getting non-melanoma skin cancer include those with lowered immunity, a history of non-melanoma skin cancer, rare inherited genetic skin disorders, trauma to the skin, exposure to arsenic, albinism or having had psoralen and ultraviolet A treatment.
Very few studies have been conducted in people at increased risk of NMSC. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition found throughout the world, with rashes with varying degrees of redness, scaling and itching. It affects people of both sexes but is more common among men. The disease usually starts after puberty and can lead to personal discomfort and cosmetic concerns when rashes occur at prominent skin sites. Drugs that act against moulds, also called antifungal agents, have been commonly used on their own or in combination.
Sun protection including sunscreens to prevent basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. For primary cutaneous melanoma, standard treatment is complete surgical removal of the melanoma with a safety margin some distance from the visible edges of the primary tumour. The purpose of the safety margin is to remove both the primary tumour and any melanoma cells that might have spread into the surrounding skin.
However, the optimal width of the safety excision margin remains unclear. Acne is the most common skin disease of adolescence, and in most cases it clears spontaneously.
However, in some people it persists in to adulthood. There are many different treatment options, but there is little good evidence to inform doctors and individuals about which to choose. Healthdirect Australia is not responsible for the content and advertising on the external website you are now entering. There is a total of 5 error s on this form, details are below. Please enter your name Please enter your email Your email is invalid. Please check and try again Please enter recipient's email Recipient's email is invalid.
Please check and try again Agree to Terms required. Thank you for sharing our content. A message has been sent to your recipient's email address with a link to the content webpage. This is required Error: Acne Acne consists of spots and painful bumps on the skin and there are many myths around its causes.
Read more about Acne. Baby rash Nappy rash and cradle cap are common in babies. Read more about Baby rash. Cellulitis Cellulitis is an inflammation of the skin and the tissues directly beneath it.
Read more about Cellulitis. Cold sores Cold sores are blister-like spots that appear in or around the mouth. Read more about Cold sores. Contact dermatitis Inflammation of the skin is commonly termed eczema or dermatitis. Read more about Contact dermatitis.
Erythema nodosum Erythema nodosum is a skin condition consisting of a lumpy, red rash, usually on the lower legs. Read more about Erythema nodosum. Hives Hives is a skin rash that is often triggered by an infection or allergy. Read more about Hives. Heat rash Heat rash is harmless but very itchy, with small red spots in places where sweat collects. Read more about Heat rash. Itchy skin Itchy skin is a common irritation that can be very frustrating.
Read more about Itchy skin. Keratosis pilaris Keratosis pilaris consists of small, rough, white or reddish bumps or patches on the skin. Read more about Keratosis pilaris. Moles Moles are small marks that appear on your skin - but they need to be watched. Read more about Moles. Seborrheic dermatitis , commonly known as cradle cap in infants and dandruff in older children and adults, can also be the cause of diaper dermatitis.
This condition also affects other areas of the body such as the scalp, face, neck, as well as the skin folds. Treatment includes topical antifungal creams and often the careful use of mild topical steroid.
Topical steroids require very careful use, especially in the diaper area to prevent potential side effects such as thinning of the skin and stretch marks. These effects can be prevented by using low potency topical steroids, such as hydrocortisone 1 to 2.
Atopic dermatitis , or eczema, is a skin condition that can occur at any time in life. It often starts early in childhood and may not diminish until early adulthood. Over half of infants with atopic dermatitis grow out of the condition by age 2, though many adults will continue to have sensitive skin and some continue to flare throughout life. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition, which means that it cannot be cured but it can be treated and controlled with proper guidance from a physician.
The condition is most common in families who have a history of seasonal allergies and asthma. Though food allergies are more common in children with atopic dermatitis, foods are rarely the cause of atopic dermatitis flares. Atopic dermatitis can get worse when the skin comes into contact with irritating substances such as saliva; harsh soaps; and scratchy, tight fitting clothing. Friction can also contribute, especially when affected children start to crawl.
Symptoms can become worse if the child scratches the rash and openings in the skin can become infected. Gentle skin care with mild soap, short daily baths and lots of moisturizer is the best way to prevent atopic dermatitis flares. Moisturizers that contain ceramides help to repair the skin barrier and are especially helpful.
During flares, treatment is aimed at reducing extreme itching and inflammation in the skin and treating infection if it develops. It includes topical steroid creams and oral antihistamines.
Treatment will depend on the age of the child and the severity of the symptoms. Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for using the medications. If atopic dermatitis is severe, oral medications may need to be used.
Occasionally, an oral antibiotic is necessary to treat infection. If these treatment methods are not effective, alternative therapy such as phototherapy light therapy may be recommended for older children.
Warts result from an infection with a virus, and are common in children of all ages. Warts commonly appear as hard bumps on fingers, hands and feet. Molluscum contagiosum is a similar type of infection caused by a different virus. It causes pink or skin- colored smooth bumps that can appear anywhere on the body. They are not harmful and will generally go away on their own in a couple of years, but treatment can help them go away more quickly.
Common and flat warts are caused by the human papilloma virus HPV , while molluscum contagiosum warts are caused by a pox virus. Warts usually spread through direct contact. It is also possible to pick up the virus in moist environments such as in showers and locker rooms.
Unfortunately there are no antiviral treatments that actually target the virus itself. Instead, the treatment available is targeted against the skin in which the virus is living. Over-the-counter treatments include liquid and film medications containing salicylic acid, which softens the abnormal skin cells and dissolves them. Higher percentages of salicylic acid 20 to 40 percent are most effective. Over-the-counter wart treatments are very effective to treat warts, but must be used daily.
First, soak the wart in warm water to soften the skin. Then gently file thickened skin with a disposable emory board. Throw away the used portion so you do not re-infect the skin. Apply the medicine and cover with a bandage replace the bandage if it gets wet. Warts usually require weeks to months of treatment to completely resolve. In the dermatologist's office, wart treatment will depend on the age of the child, the number and location of the warts, and the patient's and parent's decision.
Wart treatment options by the doctor include:. It is important to mention that these wart treatments often need to be repeated every 3 to 4 weeks until the wart is gone. Individual molluscum lesions can usually be cured in fewer treatments.
Acne is one of the most common skin problems. Acne is most common during the hormonal surge of adolescence, but also affects 20 percent of adults. Though it usually improves with age, adolescent acne usually benefits from treatment.
This blockage is known as a black head or a white head. These plugged follicles can develop into swollen, red, tender pus bumps, or larger cysts or nodules that can cause temporary or permanent scarring. If the acne is predominantly around the hairline, it may be associated with hair products such as conditioner, hair gels, hair mousse, oils, and grease.
This type of acne can be improved by limiting hair products and pulling the hair away from the face. Comedogenic pore-blocking moisturizer or cosmetics should be avoided. If the use of these products does not improve the acne within 8 to 12 weeks, it may be necessary to see a dermatologist.
It is important not to wait too long before seeking treatment to avoid unnecessary scarring. Prescribed acne treatments will depend on the age of the patient, skin type, and most importantly, the severity of the acne.
The topical regimen often includes an acne wash containing benzoyl peroxide and sometimes a topical antibiotic. Switching to a gentle non-soap cleanser is helpful if the other prescribed acne treatments are causing excessive dryness or mild irritation.
Depending upon the patient's age and the type of acne, an oral antibiotic minocycline, doxycycline or erythromycin may be beneficial. It is important for the patient to follow the prescribed treatment for at least 8 to 12 weeks before considering changing therapy.
During a follow-up visit with the dermatologist, a re-evaluation can determine whether or not the treatment plan needs to be modified. Other medications that have been helpful are oral birth control pills for females, especially when they report acne flare-ups around the menstrual period.
If this is dosed and monitored appropriately, it is a safe option for treatment and the only treatment that can lead to a permanent cure. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Skin Problems in Children Many different conditions might affect children's skin, including diaper rash, dermatitis, warts and acne.
12 summer skin problems you can prevent
Genetic illnesses, health conditions, or infections cause your skin to react in unusual ways. Learn about these conditions and what they can do. There are dozens of conditions that affect someone's skin, and it can be hard to tell one from the other. This article tells you about about. Find out about common skin conditions, including warts, ringworm, impetigo, vitiligo, psoriasis and skin tags, plus treatments and when to seek help.