But how exactly does it work? For starters, CBD inherits many of the medicinal properties of Cannabis such as being anti-inflammatory and. Both CBD and THC have significant therapeutic attributes. But unlike THC, CBD does not make a person feel “stoned” or intoxicated. That's because CBD and. CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the as an unregulated supplement, it's difficult to know exactly what you are.
CBD But exactly? is what
He pointed out that the classification of marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug by the DEA makes it difficult to get material to use in laboratory studies. Schedule 1 drugs have a high potential for abuse, according to the DEA , and are illegal under federal law.
Because of this classification, it's not easy for researchers to get their hands on the drug. However, Bonn-Miller told Live Science that he thinks cannabis research is on the upswing.
Those studies could reveal more conditions that CBD may be helpful for and may also reveal that some of the reasons why people say they use CBD oil are not supported by the science but are instead a placebo effect.
The side effects and risks involved with consuming marijuana-based products aren't clear, either, Bonn-Miller said. It's important to "determine cannabinoids that are useful therapeutically while understanding and using cannabinoids that are associated with less risk," he said. At least with CBD, he said, it doesn't appear to have the potential for addiction.
That's different from THC, which has been associated with addiction, he said, and negative side effects, including acute anxiety. Both Bonn-Miller and Ward stress that it's up to the consumer to be well-educated about the material they're purchasing and the research that's out there.
So "I think there needs to be, from a consumer standpoint, a lot of vigilance," he added. And the products on the shelf aren't all the same, Ward said. Bonn-Miller also explained that it's imperative to exhaust the traditional and established front-line treatments that are available before seeking out these products. Kimberly is the reference editor for Live Science and Space. Her favorite stories include animals and obscurities.
A Texas native, Kim now lives in a California redwood forest. Concentrated liquid extracts from marijuana plants are becoming more and more popular as alternative medicine, but the science isn't there.
What is cannabis oil? How are cannabis oils consumed? Why do people use cannabis oil? What to keep in mind "It's important to know that the research in this area is in its infancy, partly because we haven't really understood much about CBD until relatively recently," said Marcel Bonn-Miller, an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine.
Buyer beware Both Bonn-Miller and Ward stress that it's up to the consumer to be well-educated about the material they're purchasing and the research that's out there. The researchers noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These included anxiety , mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia. More research is necessary, but these findings suggest that CBD may help to prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms. After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the FDA approved the use of CBD Epidiolex as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in The types of seizures that characterize LGS or DS are difficult to control with other types of medication.
The FDA specified that doctors could not prescribe Epidiolex for children younger than 2 years. A physician or pharmacist will determine the right dosage based on body weight. Authors of a review noted that CBD has anti-seizure properties and a low risk of side effects for people with epilepsy.
Findings suggested that CBD may also treat many complications linked to epilepsy, such as neurodegeneration, neuronal injury, and psychiatric diseases. Another study, published in Current Pharmaceutical Design, found that CBD may produce effects similar to those of certain antipsychotic drugs, and that the compound may provide a safe and effective treatment for people with schizophrenia.
However, further research is necessary. Some researchers have found that CBD may prove to combat cancer.
Authors of a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found evidence that CBD significantly helped to prevent the spread of cancer. The researchers also noted that the compound tends to suppress the growth of cancer cells and promote their destruction. They pointed out that CBD has low levels of toxicity. They called for further research into its potential as an accompaniment to standard cancer treatments. Doctors often advise people with chronic anxiety to avoid cannabis, as THC can trigger or amplify feelings of anxiousness and paranoia.
However, authors of a review from Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may help to reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders.
According to the review, CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions such as:. The authors noted that current treatments for these disorders can lead to additional symptoms and side effects, which can cause some people to stop taking them. No further definitive evidence currently links CBD to adverse effects, and the authors called for further studies of the compound as a treatment for anxiety.
Type 1 diabetes results from inflammation that occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas. Research published in by Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation found that CBD may ease this inflammation in the pancreas.
This may be the first step in finding a CBD-based treatment for type 1 diabetes. A paper presented in the same year in Lisbon, Portugal, suggested that CBD may reduce inflammation and protect against or delay the development of type 1 diabetes.
Acne treatment is another promising use for CBD. The condition is caused, in part, by inflammation and overworked sebaceous glands in the body. A study published by the Journal of Clinical Investigation found that CBD helps to lower the production of sebum that leads to acne, partly because of its anti-inflammatory effect on the body. Sebum is an oily substance, and overproduction can cause acne. Initial research published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease found that CBD was able to prevent the development of social recognition deficit in participants.
This means that CBD could help people in the early stages of Alzheimer's to keep the ability to recognize the faces of people that they know. This is the first evidence that CBD may slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Cannabis is legal for either medicinal or recreational use in some American states. Other states have approved the use of CBD oil as a hemp product but not the general use of medical marijuana. Some state and federal laws differ, and current marijuana and CBD legislation in the U.
There is an ever-changing number of states that do not necessarily consider marijuana to be legal but have laws directly related to CBD oil. The following information is accurate as of May 8, , but the laws change frequently. However, state legislators generally approve the use of CBD oil at various concentrations to treat a range of epileptic conditions. A full list of states that have CBD-specific laws is available here.
Different states also require different levels of prescription to possess and use CBD oil. In Missouri, for example, a person can use CBD of a particular composition if they can show that three other treatment options have failed to treat their epilepsy. Anyone considering CBD oil should speak with a local healthcare provider. They can provide information about safe CBD sources and local laws surrounding usage. This is one of more than 80 active chemicals in marijuana. The new product was approved to treat seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older.
Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well. Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system , the vital signs, or mood, even among people who used high dosages.
The most common side effect was tiredness. Also, some people reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. Concerning the product that the FDA approved to treat two types of epilepsy, researchers noticed following adverse effects in clinical trials:. The patient information leaflet notes that there is a risk of worsening depression or suicidal thoughts. It is important to monitor anyone who is using this drug for signs of mood change. Research suggests that a person taking the product is unlikely to form a dependency.
There is often a lack of evidence regarding the safety of new or alternative treatment options. Usually, researchers have not performed the full array of tests.
Anyone who is considering using CBD should talk to a qualified healthcare practitioner beforehand. When drugs do not have FDA approval, it can be difficult to know whether a product contains a safe or effective level of CBD. Unapproved products may not have the properties or contents stated on the packaging. It is important to note that researchers have linked marijuana use during pregnancy to impairments in the fetal development of neurons.
Regular use among teens is associated with issues concerning memory, behavior, and intelligence. CBD-based products come in many forms. Some can be mixed into different foods or drinks or taken with a pipette or dropper. Others are available in capsules or as a thick paste to be massaged into the skin.
Some products are available as sprays to be administered under the tongue. Recommended dosages vary between individuals, and depend on factors such as body weight, the concentration of the product, and the health issue.
Due to the lack of FDA regulation for most CBD products, seek advice from a medical professional before determining the best dosage. As regulation in the U. After discussing dosages and risks with a doctor, and researching regional local laws, it is important to compare different brands of CBD oil.
There is a selection of CBD products available for purchase online. CBD has been tested and approved for one specific use. Does this mean it is safe and will soon have approval for other uses?
The research is emerging to support the use of CBD for numerous conditions, as well as looking closely at safety, side effects, and long-term effects. There are some valid concerns about long-term use that must be tested before CBD can be recommended for other diseases.
As one approach to pain management, it is seen as an alternative option to the addicting narcotics. The use of CBD oil might complement a medical approach to treating physical and mental diseases. It is worth discussing with your doctor.
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Receptra Naturals offers premium organic, whole plant, pure hemp extracts for sale in all 50 States. Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Fri 27 July All references are available in the References tab.
Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for anxiety disorders. Neurotherapeutics, 12 4 , — Long-term cannabidiol treatment prevents the development of social recognition memory deficits in Alzheimer's disease transgenic mice [Abstract]. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 42 4 , 1,—1, Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia, 55 6 , — An updated review of the research on the risks and harms associated to the use of marijuana.
Highlights of prescribing information: Early phase in the development of cannabidiol as a treatment for addiction: Opioid relapse takes initial center stage.
What Is CBD Oil, and Does It Really Work?
The popularity of medical marijuana is soaring, and among the numerous products agency, it's difficult for consumers to know exactly what they're getting. Unlike THC, CBD isn't known to cause psychoactive effects, and is. And while we don't know exactly how the cannabinoids work to address different diseases (such as epilepsy, discussed below), we do know that CBD does not. So, what exactly is CBD — and why are you able to get your hands on it even if you don't live in a state where cannabis is legal?.