WebMD offers a primer on type 2 diabetes. What causes this chronic condition, how do you know you have it, and what can you do about it?. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose) — an important source of fuel for your body. If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it.
diabetes Type 2
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Diabetes mellitus at Wikipedia's sister projects. Diseases of the endocrine system E00—E35 , — Hypoglycemia beta cell Hyperinsulinism G cell Zollinger—Ellison syndrome. Iodine deficiency Cretinism Congenital hypothyroidism Myxedema Myxedema coma Euthyroid sick syndrome. Hyperthyroxinemia Thyroid hormone resistance Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia Hashitoxicosis Thyrotoxicosis factitia Graves' disease Thyroid storm. Over time, this can lead to type 2 diabetes.
But fitting in fitness may be easier said than done. These tips can help. Is Type 2 Diabetes Genetic? Independent of diet and lifestyle factors, your genetics can affect your risk for type 2 diabetes, too.
Research on twins backs this up: Twins who are identical are more likely to both have diabetes compared with twins who are fraternal. And having a relative with diabetes may put you at a fourfold risk of developing the disease yourself. Common Diagnostic Tests for Type 2 Diabetes Receiving a prompt diagnosis is crucial for controlling diabetes. While an A1C of 5. Fasting glucose test This test involves giving a blood sample after you have fasted for eight hours.
But metformin is not the only diabetes medication at your disposal. Other treatments for type 2 diabetes include: Sulfonylureas and meglitinides This type of drug works by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin 19 Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors These drugs can help slow digestion of certain carbs, to help prevent blood sugar spikes after you eat. DPP-4 inhibitors These drugs block an enzyme called dipeptidyl peptidase 4 from being produced, allowing the body to crank out more insulin.
Staying healthy with diabetes also requires caring for yourself — like protecting your feet, practicing oral hygiene, and tending to your mental health. Is this diabetes treatment for you? Although it comes with some risks, research suggests it may help put type 2 diabetes in remission. That can be tricky because carbs are in many of the common foods you may already eat, but there are both good and bad sources of carbs. Fruits and vegetables, for example, are good sources, while pretzels and cookies are bad sources.
When you eat is just as important as what you eat when managing diabetes. Sticking to regular mealtimes can help keep your blood sugar steady. A diabetes diet is essentially a healthy diet for everyone!
You can work with a registered dietitian to come up with a personalized meal plan, and be sure to track your blood sugar if you introduce new foods to your diet. Preventing these episodes requires knowing the signs, causes, and treatment options to get your blood sugar back in a healthy range. Hyperglycemia high blood sugar symptoms include: Even after you start treatment, you may still develop hyperglycemia at times. Some of the reasons blood sugar may go too high include: Insulin is key to blood sugar spikes and dips.
Understanding Low Blood Sugar in Type 2 Diabetes Although low blood sugar is more common in people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes can also develop this condition, especially if they are using insulin. Glucose is released into your bloodstream too slowly. There's too much insulin in your bloodstream. Although no two people will have the exact same symptoms of low blood sugar, there are some common signs to watch out for: Take their insulin or oral diabetes medication but then skip a meal, delay eating, or eat very little Develop it as a side effect of other diabetes medication Exercise strenuously without adequate food intake Drink too much alcohol continue reading below Article 10 Warning Signs of Low Blood Sugar Knowing the signs of hypoglycemia is important because left untreated, this condition can lead to serious complications, such as diabetic coma or death.
People who are managing diabetes with insulin are especially at risk for low blood sugar. If you have type 2 diabetes, you've probably had a conversation with your doctor about how to treat yourself for low blood sugar.
If it's still low, eat another 15 to 20 g of simple carbohydrates. Understanding the Basics if You Have Type 2 Diabetes One of the most common ways people with type 2 diabetes attempt to lower their blood sugar is by drastically reducing their intake of carbs. Ketosis is different from diabetic ketoacidosis , a health emergency that occurs when insulin levels are low in conjunction with high levels of ketones.
Some risks of the keto diet include low blood sugar, negative medication interactions, and nutrient deficiencies. People who should avoid the keto diet include those with kidney damage or disease, women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, and those with or at a heightened risk for heart disease due to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or family history.
If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you may have anxiety or concerns about the prospect of future health complications, such as amputations, heart disease, and vision loss. If you have been living with diabetes for several years or are older, knowing your A1C goal and levels is particularly important, because you are at a greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes complications. The capillaries then swell, become blocked, or leak blood into the center of the eye, blurring vision.
In advanced stages, abnormal new blood vessels grow. When these new vessels leak blood, the result can be severe vision loss or blindness. Most commonly, it affects the nerves in the feet, legs, hands, and arms; this condition is called peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy can cause tingling, burning, pain, or numbness in the affected areas.
The pain of peripheral neuropathy is difficult to control, though some find topical products that contain capsaicin to be helpful. High blood pressure compounds the problem, and high cholesterol appears to contribute to it as well.
In the early stages of diabetic nephropathy, you may not notice any symptoms, but standard blood and urine tests can detect early signs of dysfunction, and early treatment can stop or slow its progression. As many as 40 percent of people with diabetes may develop kidney disease. A diabetic ulcer is often painless, and people may not even know they have them at first.
Everyday Health Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes. What Is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes, a form of diabetes mellitus, is likely one of the better-known chronic diseases in the world — and that's no surprise. The 10 Best Type 2 Diabetes Blogs of Exercise can help you lose weight, increase insulin sensitivity, and potentially reduce your need for medication.
Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes:
What is Type 2 diabetes and why does it occur?
Read about type 2 diabetes, a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates.